Lifting equipment, sometimes called lifting equipment or lifting system, is generally a general term to describe any piece of equipment which is used to lift weights. The equipment has various common components, including a lifting device such as a platform or a hoist, power rollers and/or chains, rollers and other parts, and a power source such as electric, hydraulic or mechanical energy. In simple terms, the equipment allows lifting of loads that are heavier than the platform itself.
There are many types of lifting equipment available for any type of lifting operation. Generally, the main components of this type of work equipment are: the lifting device or platform, a power source, and a motor. The lifting equipment operator uses his/her skill and experience in combination with these components to perform different types of lifting operations safely and effectively. Therefore, it is important to follow certain guidelines in order to protect the worker and to maximize the productivity of the lifting operations.
Safety procedures must be followed both at the site and when lifting equipment is operated. For example, it is essential to ensure that the lifting equipment user does not exceed the maximum allowable load in the magazine or container, the height of the platform, the distance from the tip of the lifting pole or chain to the surface of the ground, the distance between the lowest point on the platform to the nearest edge of the work floor, etc. Different industries have different operating parameters, but the fundamental elements remain the same. These include the weight of the loads, the distance from the lifting point to the point where the loads are to be lifted, and the speed with which the load is moved. All these factors must be considered while calculating the load limit, and the user must also follow the safety procedures provided by the manufacturer.
Another aspect of lifting equipment safety is the provision of emergency stop button, emergency stop control, emergency lowering control, and emergency lowering operation. In the case of a loading or unloading cycle, the load or loads should be lifted and moved off, and the angle of the drop should be kept below 40 degrees. Similarly, the load should never exceed the maximum allowable height for the cycles, and that the cycle should not be reversed when the raising force is applied.
The load should never exceed the maximum prescribed distance, i.e., the distance between the center of rotation of the crane and the point where the nose of the machine touches the ground. Similarly, the nose of the machine should not be touching any part of the ground when the main weight and the emergency stop button or the emergency lowering control are being pressed. The loads should be lifted or moved only after the completion of the cycle, at the point where they touch the ground. Similarly, the load should be lifted or moved at the point where the hoist reaches its maximum height or where the chain or the hoist become dangling.
The safety of lifting loads should be evaluated on the basis of various factors, such as manual handling procedures and equipment features. It should also be ensured that the manual handling procedures followed by the manufacturer are adequate to ensure the safety of the operator. Similarly, the equipment features involved in the lifting operation should provide adequate safety, especially since automatic lifting equipment provides the opportunity of automatically lifting loads. Such features include emergency stop button, anti-slip flooring, anti-shock mechanisms and anti-crash systems, to reduce the risk reduction. Visit this page to find out more!